The Final Solution.pdf
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From gaining power in January 1933 until the outbreak of war in September 1939, the Nazi persecution of the Jews in Germany was focused on intimidation, expropriating their money and property, and encouraging them to emigrate. According to the Nazi Party policy statement, Jews and the Romani people were the only "alien people in Europe". In 1936, the Bureau of Romani Affairs in Munich was taken over by Interpol and renamed the Center for Combating the Gypsy Menace. Introduced at the end of 1937, the "final solution of the Gypsy Question" entailed round-ups, expulsions, and incarceration of Romani in concentration camps built at, until this point, Dachau, Buchenwald, Flossenbürg, Mauthausen, Natzweiler, Ravensbruck, Taucha and Westerbork. After the Anschluss with Austria in 1938, Central Offices for Jewish Emigration were established in Vienna and Berlin to increase Jewish emigration, without covert plans for their forthcoming annihilation.
Timothy Snyder writes that Longerich "grants the significance of Greiser's murder of Jews by gas at Chełmno in December 1941", but also detects a significant moment of escalation in spring 1942, which includes "the construction of the large death factory at Treblinka for the destruction of the Warsaw Jews, and the addition of a gas chamber to the concentration camp at Auschwitz for the murder of the Jews of Silesia". Longerich suggests that it "was only in the summer of 1942, that mass killing was finally understood as the realization of the Final Solution, rather than as an extensively violent preliminary to some later program of slave labor and deportation to the lands of a conquered USSR". For Longerich, to see mass-murder as the Final Solution was an acknowledgement by the Nazi leadership that there would not be a German military victory over the USSR in the near future.
This section includes practice exams and solutions for the course. The course has two exams: a mid-term quiz and a comprehensive final quiz. Exams are open book and open notes. Unlike the final quiz for practice below, the exam administered in the course was 1.5 hours long.
During 2008 there was an increased interest in the issuance of permits for horizontal drilling and high-volume hydraulic fracturing to develop the Marcellus Shale and other low-permeability gas reservoirs. The Department commenced the development of a Supplemental Generic Environmental Impact Statement (SGEIS), which was finalized in 2015.
There are basically two methods to supply the fertilizer nutrients to the crop: 1) premixed products, or 2) grower-formulated solutions. The two methods differ in the approach to formulating the fertilizer and the resulting nutrient-use efficiency. Fertilizer materials that can be used for both methods are presented in Table 2. The formulae in this publication are for a final dilution of 1 gallon each stock to 100 gallons of final solution. If using proportioners installed in parallel on one water source line, amounts of fertilizers in stocks will need to be calculated keeping in mind the intended final concentrations.
There are several commercial pre-mixed fertilizer formulations and some of these generalized formulations are presented in Table 2. Some of these materials contain Mg, some do not. Those that do not will need to be supplemented with magnesium sulfate. All formulations need supplementing with Ca (from calcium nitrate or calcium chloride) and N (from several possible sources). Formulations using these premixed materials that approximate the recommended program are presented in Table 3. In Table 3, the amount of pre-mixed material was chosen to provide adequate P since the pre-mixed material is the only source of P. The pre-mixed materials contain large amounts of K making it difficult to achieve the desired K and Ca concentrations. This could cause an early problem with BER when there is excess K coming from the A stock and a low Ca concentration in the well water (below 50 ppm) because K can interfere with Ca uptake by the root. This problem is common to all pre-mixed formulae. More Ca can be supplied from calcium chloride but it would be better to have lower K concentrations. A related problem is that some of the pre-mixed formulae have too much N in the formulation to allow for providing adequate Ca by adding calcium nitrate. An option to increase the Ca in the solution is to supplement the calcium nitrate stock with calcium chloride. Each pound of calcium chloride (36% Ca) in 30 gallons of stock solution results in a 14 ppm increase in Ca in the final nutrient solution delivered to the plants. The pre-mixed materials come fairly close to providing the desired concentrations of micronutrients, although some are higher than needed in Florida. 59ce067264